- Patentinformation on request
RES - Fusion Reactor 1
#resfusion1 A short story about how to bring the fire of nuclear fusion to Earth, to be continued in several chapters.
1st Chapter: Fusion in accordance with the conditions of the general theory of relativity.
The invention relates to a fusion reactor with a quantum mechanically effective induction system designed for permanent magnetic plasma confinement. In a first part of the invention, a new constellation for the magnetic field is described, which makes it possible to realize a plasma vessel with a very simple geometric order, which can be constructed with serial components in modular assemblies for the various subsystems that make up the fusion reactor as a whole. The second part of the invention leads directly into quantum physics and describes a quantum-effective choreography for the intrinsic spin properties of charged particles with quantum number 1/2, which is designed for permanent plasma confinement. The fluid dynamic behavior of the plasma resulting from the electromagnetic excitation within the plasma vessel of the new fusion reactor leads to forced ring oscillations that establish a fluid dynamic equilibrium of the electromagnetically induced forces. In order to utilize the properties inherent in fermions, which defy any visual representation, a combination of three geometric operations is required, namely translation, rotation and the Lorentz transformation. The combination of these transformations, also known as the Poincare group, is required to prove the validity of the general theory of relativity. As a proof of general relativity, these conditions are fulfilled in the new fusion reactor. In a detailed geometric study it could be shown that in each individual concentric layer of the tubular plasma volume, looped magnetic field lines for particles with spin quantum number 1/2 lay on the surface of transformation spheres, which particles are travelling on these looped magnetic field lines with the same length of path, and which transformation spheres are all having the same radius. According to group theory, a central transformation sphere located around the midpoint of the fusion reactor, together with a large number of off center transformation spheres defines a homogeneous group with an operator described by a matrix, whereby the midpoints of the off center transformation spheres are located in a spherical space around the midpoint of the central transformation sphere. The diameter of this central spherical space is identical to the diameter of the plasma volume, whereby the amount of magnetic field lines is limited by their respective gyration radius. In a broader sense, the double helix can also be recognized as an orbital layer model for universal space-time loops, in which all particles are subject to a wave-like oscillation that leads from a beginning to the same spin state at an end, being a new beginning.
#solution4fusion #resfusion1 #plasmaphysics #isaset2024 #islop2024 #gmson2024 #grcresd2024 #optics2024 #asktheinventor #theländ
- Patentinformation on request
RES - Fusion Reactor 2
#resfusion2 A short story about how to bring the fire of nuclear fusion to Earth, to be continued in several chapters.
2nd Chapter: Mirror symmetry to balance out bifurcation. The fusion reactor according to the invention is designed for stable magnetic plasma confinement in a plasma vessel having the shape of a double helix, which is surrounded by a plurality of Helmholtz coils. The plasma volume has a central magnetic field line, being composed of four equal semicircular arcs which are subdivided into eight equal segments defining four connecting points and four vertex points, all of which are laying on the very same radius, defining an orbit on the surface of a central transformation sphere around the center point of the fusion reactor. Off center magnetic field lines are surrounding the central magnetic field line within concentric tubular surfaces of the double helix in a plurality of layers. In relation to the central magnetic field line, Helmholtz coils are arranged concentrically at regular intervals transverse to the magnetically induced flow of the plasma and induce a sheroidal magnetic field, which forces equal path lengths for particles of spin quantum number 1/2 in two halves of a sheroidal double helix, which are mirror images of each other at a zero line, and are defining two periods of a ring-shaped oscillation. Due to the chiasm of the double helix, each individual magnetic field line represents an endless loop that is divided into two halves with equal path lengths for electrons and protons, which are guided in concentric layers of the magnetic field. Due to the mirror-symmetrical induction system, the Lorentz force is the same in both halves of the double helix and causes the charged particles that are guided on the magnetic field lines to have the same path lengths. In comparison to modern fusion experiments on magnetic plasma confinement, in which additional coils are needed to imprint a twist in the magnetic field, such additional coils are not required here. The endless loops of the magnetic field lines are easily organized on the surface of uniform transformation spheres. Nuclei of heavy isotopes of hydrogen - deuterium and tritium - are precisely guided on the magnetic field lines and collide with each other at speeds of more than 1000 km/s and at temperatures of 100 to 400 million degrees Celsius, are fused into helium, by releasing large amounts of thermal energy. #solution4fusion #resfusion2 #plasmaphysics #isaset2024 #islop2024 #gmson2024 #grcresd2024 #optics2024 #asktheinventor #theländ
- Patentinformation on request
RES - Fusion Reactor 3
#resfusion3 A short story about how to bring the fire of nuclear fusion to Earth, to be continued in several chapters.
3rd Chapter : Track fidelity by eliminating turbulence. Within a spheroidal magnetic field being arranged as a double helix, which is equally distanced to a midpoint and which is enclosed in a plasma vessel, surrounded at regular intervals by a large number of Helmholtz coils, all magnetic field lines will lay on the surface of transformation spheres with the very same radius. While the midpoint of the fusion reactor defines a central sphere for the central magnetic field line, off-center midpoints define transformation spheres with off-center magnetic field lines and are organized in concentric layers around the midpoint of the fusion reactor. While the central magnetic field line is composed of four semicircular arcs with four complanar connecting points and four complanar vertices, off center magnetic field lines are composed of four elliptical arcs with four non-complanar connecting points and four non-complanar vertices. The Helmholtz-coils in functional unity with the chiasmus of the magnetic field lines enforce equal path lengths for charged particles in each separate tubular layer of the magnetic field, whereby both halves of the double helix are arranged opposite to each other in mirrored symmetry. Interacting with the Lorenz force, induced by the Helmholtz coils, the angular momentum axes of particles with spin quantum number 1/2 are aligning parallel to the magnetic field lines and thus follow the magnetic flux direction. Mirror-symmetry of the double helix is of crucial importance to obtain a dynamic balance of the particles' torques as preposition for their track fidelity. The fact that the spin of the particles in each of the four semicircular arcs changes from an upward spin to a downward spin in both halves of the double helix leads to the effect that torques of the particles are cancelling out each other in both halves of the double helix. Thereby each particle rotates once around its own axis of angular momentum with an angular sum of 360 degrees, whereby including an antagonistic particle the angular sum will be 720 degrees, thus satisfying the spin regime. #solution4fusion #resfusion3 #plasmaphysics #isaset2024 #islop2024 #gmson2024 #grcresd2024 #optics2024 #asktheinventor #theländ
- Patentinformation on request
RES - Fusion Reactor 4
#resfusion4 A short story about how to bring the fire of nuclear fusion to Earth, to be continued in several chapters.
4th Chapter: A choreography for quantum mechanics.
According to the invention, an angular momentum equilibrium for rotating charged particles is based on a quantum mechanical mechanism, which is achieved by a fourfold reversal of the direction of rotation of the particles between the four equally distant connection points of the magnetic field lines. If this choreography is applied to the intrinsic spin of the particles, the angular sum of the reversed rotation is 720 degrees, whereby the torques of the particles cancel each other out and track stability is achieved. In addition, the particles within such a spherical orbit rotate once around their angular momentum axis by an angular sum of 360 degrees. Taking into account an antagonistic position, which in the case of an electron is occupied by a positron and in the case of a proton by an up quark or a down quark, the spin regime is fulfilled with an angular sum of 720 degrees. The fluid dynamic equilibrium of the magnetic forces in the plasma volume is thus achieved by utilizing the intrinsic spin of the particles. The change in spin direction within fractions of a femtosecond prevents the formation of gyral drifts due to spin-induced precession of the particles, so that the particles follow the magnetic field lines exactly and return to a starting point on the respective path with the same spin state. The magnetic field required for this is induced by the Helmholtz coils, which generate a central magnetic field line that is surrounded by a large number of eccentric magnetic field lines. By balancing the Lorenz forces induced by the Helmholtz coils in the mirror-image opposite halves of the double helix, the eccentric magnetic field lines are forced to wrap around the central magnetic field line in a large number of layers as endless loops. This happens by itself and without further intervention, unlike in modern experiments where additional coils are needed to achieve a twisting of the plasma volume or to influence the plasma in other ways. The two halves of the endless loops are of equal length and the charged particles orbit their respective centers in the individual layers of the plasma volume on their respective paths with equal path lengths. Since the Helmholtz coils are arranged concentrically to the central magnetic field line and follow the course of a double helix at regular intervals, the plasma vessel in the form of a double helix forms a housing for spherical ring oscillations. the arrangement of four equal semicircular arcs of the central magnetic field line, which are arranged with the same radius around the center of the fusion reactor. #solution4fusion #resfusion4 #plasmaphysics #isaset2024 #islop2024 #gmson2024 #grcresd2024 #optics2024 #asktheinventor #theländ
- Patentinformation on request
RES - Fusion Reactor 5
#resfusion5 A short story about how to bring the fire of nuclear fusion to Earth, to be continued in several chapters.
5th Chapter: Operability and Scalability of the fusion reactor.
The fusion reactor including its power supply, and an energetic conversion system can be stationed both terrestrially and extra terrestrially and can be integrated into a vehicle, especially a watercraft. The plasma vessel itself is made up of a plurality of identical vessel modules, which are either circular or oval in cross-section and are arranged between an inner radius and an outer radius around the central point concentrically to the central magnetic field line and can be screwed or welded together to form four arc-shaped assemblies. The magnetic field in the form of a double helix ensures that the plasma volume follows the cross-section of the plasma vessel with a distance to an inner shell. The Helmholtz coils are assigned to the individual vessel modules and have a radial distance to the plasma vessel as well as longitudinal distances to each other, which can be defined by sector angles of the radius around the central center. The central magnetic field line of the fusion reactor is surrounded by a plurality of concentric layers for the arrangement of the eccentric magnetic field lines with analogous vertex and connection points. After ignition of the plasma, starting from the central magnetic field line, electrons and protons of the heavy isotopes of hydrogen separate from each other, so that with the Lorenz force caused by the Helmholtz coils within the magnetic field formed by the double helix, both the magnetodynamic flow direction and orientation of the angular momentum axis and the angular momentum plane of the particles are determined. The two periods of a ring oscillation are divided into two mirror-image halves by at least one zero line between opposing connection points of the central magnetic field line, whereby the ring oscillations in the individual layers of the plasma volume are each distinguished by layer-specific frequencies with a frequency band of 50 Hz on the outside of the plasma volume and up to several kilo Hz in the region of the central magnetic field. If the quantum mechanically effective induction system of the invention succeeds in permanently confining the plasma volume by guiding charged particles with the quantum number 1/2 precisely and stably along the magnetic field lines, a diameter of the plasma vessel of only 0.30 to 0.40 meters will be sufficient to ignite the plasma, allowing for the construction of compact fusion reactors. The diameter of the plasma volume enclosed in the plasma vessel is a minimum of 0.3 to a maximum of several meters.
#solution4fusion #resfusion5 #plasmaphysics #isaset2024 #islop2024 #gmson2024 #grcresd2024 #optics2024 #asktheinventor #theländ
RES - Fusion Reactor 6
#resfusion6 A short story about how to bring the fire of nuclear fusion to Earth, to be continued in several chapters.
6th Chapter: What has a Baseball in common with a Fusion Reactor?
As all uneven comparisons, this one may also be lousy, anyhow it may help to understand the proposed quantum mechanical device for permanent electromagnetic confinement of a plasma in a plasma vessel. The baseball reveals two pieces of leather of equal size, sewn together to form a sphere. The stitching, which lies on the surface of a sphere, reveals four semi-circular arcs, which are connected to each other as an endless loop in the form of a double helix. In any fusion reactor built for electromagnetic plasma confinement, charged nuclear particles such as protons and electrons interact with the magnetic field by aligning their axes of angular momentum parallel to the magnetic field lines. This is where the seam of the baseball comes into play. As already mentioned, it is made up of four semicircular arcs. Each time a charged particle with a nuclear spin number of 1/2 passes through one of the four semicircular arcs on its orbit, the spin changes from an up-spin to a down-spin, effecting a change in the direction of rotation. It is as if the baseball were hit eccentrically by the bat four times in quick succession, causing it to spin in opposite directions. In which direction would the baseball then fly? To anticipate the answer: The ball would fly straight ahead because the torques of its rotation cancel each other out. Applied on the particles in the plasma of the fusion reactor, this means that the particles faithfully follow the track defined by the magnetic field lines and therefore uncontrollable turbulence in the plasma can be effectively prevented by creating a perfect fluid dynamic equilibrium of transversal forces within the plasma. Construction of such a fusion reactor could start soon.
#solution4fusion #resfusion6 #plasmaphysics #isaset2024 #islop2024 #gmson2024 #grcresd2024 #optics2024 #asktheinventor #theländ
RES - Fusion Reactor 7
#resfusion7 A short story about how to bring the fire of nuclear fusion to Earth, to be continued in several chapters.
7th Chapter: Unexpected support from Dr. Little, researcher in the field of chemistry :
"The (Little Rules and Effect) describe the cause of phenomena of physical and chemical transformations on the basis of spin antisymmetry and the consequent magnetism of the most fundamental elements of leptons and quarks and in particular electrons, protons and neutrons causing orbital motions and mutual revolutionary motions (spinrevorbital) to determine the structure and the dynamics of nucleons, nuclei, atoms, molecules, bulk structures and even stellar structures. By considering the Little Effect in multi-body, confined, pressured, dense, temperate, and physicochemically open systems, new mechanisms and processes will be discovered and explanations are given to the stability of multifermionic systems for continuum of unstable perturbatory states with settling to stable discontinuum states (in accord to the quantum approximation) to avoid chaos in ways that have not been known or understood. On the basis of the Little Effect, the higher order terms of the Hamiltonian provide Einstein’s missing link between quantum mechanics and relativity for a continuum of unstable states. Such continuum of unstable, hidden states determines fractional charges and fractured dipoles (orbitals) that strongly couple with limitations of larger space and shorter times for coupling quantum magnetism (spinrevorbitals) to macromagnetism and gravity (via phasal and group dispersions,respectively) and vice versa and for coupling orbital electricity (spintransorbitals) to macroelectricity and classical (and heat) mechanics (via phasal and group dispersions, respectively) and vice versa."
Read more about the spinrevorbital : https://lnkd.in/e63nFZp7
Dr. Little's comment to #resfusion2 :
Thank you for welcome to Res-Institute. Congratulations on your invention. I am not a designer of nuclear reactors. I noticed your video and the motion of the particle in orbit with it spinning and simultanteously revolving in the space it orbits is identical to nano and molecular scale orbital, revolution and spin of subatomic particle by what I call spinrevorbital for describing the motion and properties of electrons, neutrons and protons on molecular and nano scales. I think your system is macroscopic. I am impressed by the similarity of the motions on subatomic and molecular to nanoscales in my model and your macroscopic design of nuclear reactors. Congratulations, you invented the nuclear reactor as you illustrated. I just recognized an analog of the image to my atomic scale model.
Thanks Reginald B. Little
#solution4fusion #resfusion7 #plasmaphysics #isaset2024 #islop2024 #gmson2024 #grcresd2024 #optics2024 #asktheinventor #theländ
RES - Fusion Reactor 8
#resfusion8 A short story about how to bring the fire of nuclear fusion to Earth, to be continued in several chapters.
8th Chapter: The secret of the loop eight.
The double helix reveals an underlying principle for balancing the dynamic forces within the plasma volume. The magnetic field generated by the coils is stronger on the inner side of the plasma vessel facing the center than on the respective outer side, regardless of whether the plasma vessel has the shape of a tokamak, a ring-shaped stellarator or a double helix. Due to this asymmetry of the magnetic field, the fermions leave the magnetic field lines assigned to them and run the risk of colliding with the inner wall of the plasma vessel, so that the fusion reactor must be switched off immediately in order to avoid major damage. To compensate for this asymmetry, the tokamak uses additional coils that add a poloidal component to the toroidal magnetic field component, causing the field lines to twist, while the Wendelstein 7x stellarator requires hybrid coils that combine toroidal and poloidal field components in a computer-controlled, sophisticated design. In contrast, no coils other than the Helmholtz coils are required to generate a spheroidal magnetic field with the double helix. The twisting of the magnetic field lines in each individual layer of the plasma volume is achieved without any further intervention. Tracing back the inventive spark, the blue and green lines of the figure of eight are not only a symbol of eternity and a symbol of sustainability, but also of the regular alternation of the blue and green lines from the inside to the outside in asymmetrical loops. If we now consider the figure eight as a spatial figure and assume that an equally large Lorentz force acts in both halves of this spatial double helix, a logical explanation for the self-organized twisting of the magnetic field lines becomes a realistic project. The magnetic field caused by Helmholtz coils on a double helix is neither toroidal nor poloidal, it is spheroidal and causes magnetic field lines, each of which lies on the surface of its own transformation sphere, whereby the transformation spheres all have the same radius. The endless loops of the magnetic field lines organize themselves on the surface of the uniform transformation spheres without the necessity of further intervention. Electrons and their ghostly counterparts the so called Positrons together with nuclei of deuterium and tritium - the heavy isotopes of hydrogen - are precisely guided on the magnetic field lines and collide with each other at speeds of more than 1000 km/s and at temperatures of 100 to 400 million degrees Celsius, are fused into helium, by releasing large amounts of thermal energy. Inverse spinning positrons are assumed to spin on off center spheres in mirror symmetrically opposition characterized by an angel of 180° in relation to the described spheres for electrons. The same bifurcation applies the nuclei of tritium and deuterium after ignition of the plasma.
#solution4fusion #resfusion8 #plasmaphysics #isaset2024 #islop2024 #gmson2024 #grcresd2024 #optics2024 #asktheinventor #theländ
- Patentinformation on request
RES - Fusion Reactor 9
#resfusion9 A short story about how to bring the fire of nuclear fusion to Earth, to be continued in several chapters.
9th Chapter: Time dissolves into loops.
Orbits are not only known from atoms, where the electrons orbit an atomic nucleus, but can also be seen as a universal structure of space that manifests itself not only in atoms, crystals and molecules, but also on a macroscopic and even cosmic scale. The nuclear fusion reactor impressively demonstrates a macroscopic orbital model in which both the radii of the corresponding transformation spheres and the loops themselves are of equal length due to the regularity of a spheroidal magnetic field, measurable both at off-center magnetic field lines and at the central red magnetic field line. The special feature of the double helix is the mirror symmetry of two periods of a regular oscillation, which is used to create a fluid dynamic equilibrium in the plasma of a fusion reactor. The colored lines shown here represent the radii of gyration for charged particles - such as deuterium and tritium nuclei as well as electrons - in the outermost layer of the magnetically confined plasma within a double helix-shaped plasma vessel. Periodic oscillations of elementary particles are a universal structural principle that can be detected both in a single atom and in the universe in general and can be used in particular for permanent magnetic plasma confinement. With this technique, nuclear fusion can be harnessed in just one to two years. As this concept is scalable, such fusion reactors can also be installed in ships, for example.
#solution4fusion #resfusion9 #plasmaphysics #isaset2024 #islop2024 #gmson2024 #grcresd2024 #optics2024 #asktheinventor #theländ
RES - Fusion Reactor 10
#resfusion10 A short story about how to bring the fire of nuclear fusion to Earth, to be continued in several chapters.
10th Chapter: Nested Orbits in Our Planetary System
What is true for the magnetic field of a plasma volume whose magnetic layers are defined by a double helix may also be true for multi periodical space-time loops of the universe. Our earth, looked at in a first perspective was believed to be the center of the universe with planets and stars orbiting around it. In a second perspective brought about by Copernicus we had to acknowledge that the earth, among other planets, is orbiting the sun. Johannes Kepler while working on Tycho Brahe's extensive collection of very precise observation data in Prague began to design a new astronomical system based on the Copernican system. He identified the eccentric orbit of Mars as an ellipse by assuming varying orbital velocities. In completion of his work in Prague in 1606 he published his findings in 1609 as first and second Kepler laws in the book entitled "Astronomia Nova". Since Albert Einstein's publication on a general theory of relativity in 1915, describing the curvature of space and time, it is about time to change perspective again, this time with respect to the universe as a whole. It may well be that all nine planets and the sun itself are sharing the very same radius of an unitary transformation sphere, swiveling around a gravitational center somewhere in the middle of the Milky Way. Today we know that both the sun and the planets are orbiting a super massive black hole by the name of Saggitarius A. Assuming that the orbit of each planet and the sun itself is laying on the surface of a transformation sphere, having an unitary radius and rotating around Sagittarius A would be another explanation for the elliptic orbits of the planets and their own gravitational center the sun. That is why Tycho Brahe's original idea that the orbits had to be a combination of uniformly traversed circular orbits comes close to the postulated third perspective presented here. The combination of two circular motions causes the formation of a loop. Loops formed in this way are known in two-dimensional space as epicycloids and hypocycloids. Looked at from this new perspective the elliptical orbits of the planets around the sun and the orbit of the sun itself are epi- and hypocycloidal, while originally they had one common radius as shown in the video. Nested orbits around black holes cause a distortion of the original sphere and determine our perception of elliptical orbits for the nine planets and the sun itself. Applied to the entire universe, this would verify the theory of a polycentric universe which has nested orbits, fitting into the quantum regime.
#solution4fusion #resfusion10 #astrophysics #heliophysics #newperspective #isaset2024 #islop2024 #gmson2024 #grcresd2024 #optics2024 #asktheinventor #theländ